Activated Leukocyte Cell Adhesion Molecule Stimulates the T-Cell Response in Allergic Asthma

Kim et al., 2018.American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 197(8)

RATIONALE: The activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is a cluster of differentiation 6 ligand that is important for stabilizing the immunological synapse and inducing T-cell activation and proliferation. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the role of ALCAM in the development of inflammation in allergic asthma. METHODS: An ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model was established in wild-type (WT) and ALCAM-deficient (ALCAM2/2) mice. T-cell proliferation was evaluated in cocultures with dendritic cells (DCs). Bone marrow–derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) from WT and ALCAM2/2 mice were cultured and adoptively transferred to OT-II mice for either OVA sensitization or challenge. An anti-ALCAM antibody was administered to assess its therapeutic potential. ALCAM concentrations in the sputum and serum of children with asthma were quantified by ELISA. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Inflammatory responses were lower in ALCAM2/2 mice than in WT mice, and T cells cocultured with DCs from ALCAM2/2 mice showed reduced proliferation relative to those cocultured with DCs from WT mice. A decreased inflammatory response was observed upon adoptive transfer of BMDCs from ALCAM2/2 mice as compared with that observed after transfer of BMDCs from WT mice. In addition, anti-ALCAM antibody–treated mice showed a reduced inflammatory response, and sputum and serum ALCAM concentrations were higher in children with asthma than in control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: ALCAM contributes to OVA-induced allergic asthma by stimulating T-cell activation and proliferation, suggesting it as a potential therapeutic target for allergic asthma.